Handling Bi-Polar Disorder is Difficult

By: Editor in Illness on 10-01-2018

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that has a variety of symptoms including mood swings, shifts in energy and changes in one’s ability to function. It’s difficult to live with and can affect both the person who suffers from it and the people around them. Bipolar disorder is also called manic depression and is often confused as a symptom of depression. There are many people who suffer from bipolar disease silently while they wait for help. Like many mental illnesses, there is often not enough attention paid to bipolar disorder. Keep reading to find out more about bipolar disorder and other forms of mental illness.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder can cause distinctive manic and depressive episodes. These episodes affect mood, sleep, energy, behavior and thinking. When a person with bipolar disorder experiences a manic episode, he or she may have high energy level, restlessness, intense positive and negative emotions, and be very impulsive. During a depressive episode, the person may have feelings of hopelessness, sadness and despair. The person may also experience low energy, exhaustion, difficulty concentrating and difficulty functioning during a depressive episode. Bipolar disorder can cause issues with sleep and eating patterns. It can also make daily living unstable. The manic and depressive episodes of bipolar disorder do not follow a set pattern and may fluctuate every few weeks, months or years. Bipolar disorder is treated in a variety of ways, often in combination with one another.

Bipolar disorder is diagnosed by a doctor based on the patient’s symptoms, personal health history, a physical examination and family history. Bipolar disorder may be treated using prescription medications, psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, lifestyle changes and electroconvulsive therapy.

Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline personality disorder is a mental illness that can cause strong mood swings, issues with self-esteem, problems with relationships and impulsivity. Borderline personality disorder symptoms may first appear in childhood or early adulthood. Common symptoms of borderline personality disorder include intense emotions, drastic mood swings, harmful behaviors, paranoia, relationship issues, low feelings of self-worth, anxiety, fear of being abandoned and more. The cause of borderline personality disorder is not exactly known, but it is suspected that chemicals in the brain that help to regulate mood may contribute. It is also likely that borderline personality disorder runs in families.

A doctor will diagnose borderline personality disorder based on the patient’s symptoms, family history and personal history. Borderline personality disorder is treated in a variety of different ways, often in combination with one another. Common treatment methods for individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder include prescription medication, counseling, therapy, lifestyle changes, cognitive behavior therapy and exercise.

Antisocial Personality Disorder

Antisocial personality disorder is an uncommon type of mental illness. People who have antisocial personality disorder may be endearing and charming, but they tend to lie, act destructively and don’t feel guilt when their actions hurt others. Antisocial disorder includes two related conditions including psychopath and sociopath. A psychopath may be charismatic, witty and charming but are also manipulative, cunning and unable to feel emotion or empathy.  A sociopath may be able to form attachments to others, but are impulsive, chaotic and easily angered. Common symptoms of people who have antisocial personality disorder include exploiting others, lying, aggressive behavior, anger issues, manipulating others, breaking the law, not caring about the welfare of others, failing to meet daily work and social duties, abusing alcohol and/or drugs, and acting impulsively.

The cause of antisocial personality disorder is unknown, but genetics, biological factors, brain defects and abusive or traumatic environments may all contribute. Antisocial personality disorder tends to occur in men more often than women. A diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder requires symptoms of the disorder to have begun before the age of 15. The symptoms of antisocial behavior are generally their worst in the late teen years or early twenties. Antisocial personality disorder is difficult to treat. People with the disorder often disagree that they have the disorder and do not seek medical treatment. Treatment for antisocial personality disorder often include individual therapy, psychotherapy, behavior therapy and specific group therapy settings. Prescription medications may also be used as part of treatment.

If you believe that you or someone that you love may be suffering from mental health, you should speak to a qualified professional such as a doctor or therapist.