What is Hepatitis and How Does it Work?
It’s a shock to consider how many people around the world contact hepatitis. Despite vaccinations that are available for some of the hepatitis strains, there is an estimated 140 million people around the world who have hepatitis C and around 350 million have hepatitis B.
With that many people infected, it’s no wonder that hepatitis is directly and indirectly responsible for an incredibly high amount of fatalities every year. The complications from hepatitis very commonly cause cirrhosis or liver cancer.
The best defense against hepatitis is being well prepared for it and aware of the danger. Prevention is certainly the best way to manage things. Treatments may be necessary throughout.
What is Hepatitis?
Hepatitis is a series of viral infections that will attack a person’s liver. It is branched into three separate and distinct types. While there are a lot of similar symptoms in each type of hepatitis, the causes can be different.
Hepatitis tends to be contacted through blood or sexual activity. While there are often treatments for hepatitis, they do cumulative damage. Having it for long periods can cause complications. While hepatitis isn’t often the direct cause of death for a lot of things, it helps cause issues like liver cancer. The liver is such a crucial organ in the human body that having it function poorly isn’t an option.
Hepatitis A is the most mild of the potential hepatitis viruses that can be contracted. It spreads through food or water. Thankfully there is a hepatitis A vaccine that allows people to be properly vaccinated before they may get it.
Hepatitis A is common for travellers who travel abroad. Since it’s transmitted through food and water, it tends to be more common at resorts and locations that have lower health standards.
Hepatitis B is most commonly transmitted as an STI. However it can also be transmitted through blood or sharing needles. Like Hepatitis A, there is a vaccine for B so that it doesn’t necessarily need to be contracted. Despite this fact, it’s thought that somewhere in the region of 1 million people in the United States currently have Hep B.
Hepatitis C is considered to be the most serious types of hepatitis. Generally the people who get it receive it through blood contact. This can occur during sexual contact, open sores, sharing needs or in any other way. Hepatitis C used to be transmitted through contaminated blood during transfusions. Thankfully there are safeguards in place to ensure that doesn’t happen anymore.
Depending on the virus, Hepatitis C can be a short term problem or a long term one. When it becomes a chronic issue, it’s at its worst.
There are also two other types of Hepatitis that can be contacted. These are types D and E. However these are not nearly as common as the main three types.
Symptoms of Liver Problems
There are many different symptoms that may appear with Hepatitis and liver problems. Here are some of the symptoms that may be seen:
- Yellowed Skin
- Yellowed eyes
- Very Dark Urine
- Fatigue and loss of appetite
- Pale and oddly colored stool
The problem with some hepatitis viruses is that the symptoms may not show. This means that people may have it without knowing about it and pass it on accidentally.
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