Orthodontia & Orthodontic Braces
Orthodontia refers to the treatment that is used by dentists, dental specialists, and orthodontists to correct the alignment and appearance of the teeth. It usually involves wearing braces, orthodontic appliances, and oral surgery.
If you have issues with your teeth including crowding, overbite, underbite and generally are unsatisfied with the way that your teeth look, you may be sent to an orthodontist for corrective treatment. Orthodontists may use a variety of types of treatment but the most common is braces. Keep reading to learn more about orthodontia and orthodontic braces.
An orthodontist is a type of specialist in the field of dentistry. Orthodontists work with patients on the alignment and appearance of their teeth. They also help to prevent, treat and correct dental irregularities. Orthodontists work on people of all ages including children who exhibit signs of dental irregularities and issues that may interfere with the function of their teeth and their speech abilities. Some of the conditions that orthodontists treat include overcrowding, anteroposterior deviations, overcrowding, difficulty with function for chewing and aesthetic reasons. Orthodontist use a variety of tools and treatment options to correct the look, alignment and function of people’s teeth including braces, headgear, retainers and custom dental appliances. Orthodontic treatments are generally done in stages to get the teeth to work properly, become straight and look their best. The length of that a person must undergo orthodontist treatments depends on the severity of the issue that is being corrected. Generally, most orthodontist treatments like braces take a few years to complete.
Braces are used to correct and treat certain dental issues including overbites, underbites, overcrowding, alignment issues, and the overall look of the teeth. Braces are worn on the teeth and use apply a constant pressure that moves the teeth in the desired direction and space. As the teeth are being moved, the bone also changes shape as the continuous pressure is applied. Braces are a very common type of orthodontic treatment. Braces are generally made up of brackets, bands, spacers, wires, ties, ligatures, springs, tubes, elastics and headgear.
There are different types of dental braces available and the option that a person will use depends on the corrective treatment required, budget and personal preference. A few of the most common types of braces include:
- Traditional braces
- Traditional braces are lightweight and made from stainless steel. They include metal brackets that are attached to each other using a certain type of cement that is safe for dentistry. The brackets are linked using an archwire that applies continuous pressure which moves them overtime into place. The archwire connects to the brackets using elastics.
- Ceramic Braces
- Ceramic braces use a clear transparent material to make them less visible. Ceramic braces work to move the teeth the same way that traditional braces do but are less visible. They are a popular choice for teens and adults that require braces.
- Damon Braces
- Damon braces are self-ligating. They use a slide mechanism that connects them unlike most types of braces which use elastics. Damon braces are more gentle than other braces treatments and require less visits to the orthodontist.
- Invisalign is a type of orthodontic tool that uses a clear aligner in the place of metal or demon braces. Invisalign aligners resemble mouth guards. They are custom fit for the patient’s mouth and are removable for activities such as chewing or eating. The patient will wear a variety of sizes of aligners that adjust the teeth by applying pressure.
The cost of braces depends on a variety of factors including the severity of the dental issues that need to be corrected and the type of braces chosen. Traditional metal braces cost roughly $3,000- $7,000. Ceramic braces may cost between $4,000- $8,000. Lingual braces are more expensive and may cost between $8,000- $10,000. Invisalign braces may cost between $4,000- $7,000.
An orthodontist can allow patients to get functional and aligned teeth that look great using braces and other treatment options so that they can be confident.